Who Was "Adoniyahu Who Administered the House"?

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The discovery of this clay seal, bearing the ancient Hebrew inscription: “To Adoniyahu, charged with the kingdom is dated to over 2,600 years ago and describes the most senior position in Judea’s royal court.

According to the archaeologist Eli Shukrun who supervised the excavation in the City of David, “this is the first time a bulla of this kind was discovered in Jerusalem as part of an archaeological excavation. The bulla was stamped by the head minister in the Judean kingdom and there is no doubt that it is a highly important finding”.

Dated to the seventh century BCE - the period of the kingdom of Judea – the seal’s inscription describes the most senior position in the royal hierarchy in the kingdom of Judea and Israel and it appears for the first time in the list of Solomon’s ministers. The name “Adoniya(hu)”, belonged to three biblical figures:

This name belonged to one of King David’s sons, as mentioned in the book of Kings: “Now Adoniyahu, the son of Haggith, went to Bathsheba, Solomon’s mother” (1 Kings, 2:13). In addition, he is mentioned as one of the Levites in the times of Jehoshaphat “With them were certain Levites—Shemaiah, Nethaniah... Adoniyahu, Tobiyahu” (2 Book of Chronicles 17:8), and as one of the heads of the people in the times of Nehemiah: “The leaders of the people... Adoniyahu, Bigvai adin” (Nehemiah 10:17).

Gallery


Clay seal inscribed with the words "Adoniyahu Asher Al HaBayit" (Adoniyahu by Appointment of the House), Credit: Eliyahou Yanai


The Sifting Project in the Tzurim Valley, Credit: Moshe Menagen


Clay seal inscribed with the words "Adoniyahu Asher Al HaBayit" (Adoniyahu by Appointment of the House), Credit: Eliyahou Yanai

2. בולה _אדניהו אשר על הבית_- צילום_ אליהו ינאי, עיר דוד.jpg.jpg

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