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Theodotus Inscription

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1913 - 1914

This inscription, written in Greek, was discovered in an excavation conducted by Raymond Weill in the southern part of the City of David from 1913-1914 and is currently on display in the Israel Museum.  The inscription mentions a priest by the name of Theodotus (which means “god gave” in Greek) who established a synagogue that is dated to the last hundreds of years of the Second Temple period. A number of synagogues have been found throughout Israel from this time period. The inscription gives us a peek into the nature of a Second Temple synagogue during a period when the synagogue was used as a place to read the Bible and learn about God’s commandments, and not for prayer as it is today. Additionally, the inscription refers to the presence of a facility with water which is either a bath house or a mikvah (ritual bath), as well as guest rooms probably used by Jewish pilgrims who made their way to Jerusalem and required a place to wash and rest during their journey. 

Location 

 Following is the estimated location of the find on the map 

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Archaeologists 

Raymond Weill

Raymond Weill, a Jew from France, was sent by Baron Rothschild to explore Jerusalem. He excavated in the southern part of the City of David hill and exposed a large quarry...
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Raymond Weill

Raymond Weill

Raymond Weill
There is no better activity for a hot summer day than walking through the underground water tunnels
Brown family, USA
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