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The Upper Observation Point- City of David

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The area of the City of David extends south of the Temple Mount.  During the eighteenth century BCE a well-fortified city was first established on the hill, despite the fact that it was not endowed with the best topographic, strategic and economic attributes. 

The area was chosen for settlement for a number of reasons, foremost amongst them because of its proximity to the Gihon Spring – one of the largest of the wellsprings in the Judean Mountains.  The second reason for choosing this location was the relative strategic advantage of the hill.  The city was surrounded by taller mountains on all sides (the Temple Mount to the north, Mount Zion to the west, the Abu Tor Ridge to the south and the Mt. of Olives ridge to the east) – as is stated in Psalms: "Jerusalem – mountains surround it…" (125 2).  Nevertheless, the city was bordered on three sides by valleys (the Kidron stream to the east and the Central Valley to the west and south) which provided it with natural protection.  The city’s weak spot was to the north.
 
David's decision to establish his kingdom's capital here is attributed to additional factors: From a political aspect, prior to the time of David, Jerusalem had been a Jebusite enclave and did not clearly belong to any one of the tribes.  The city therefore became a symbol of political unity for the nation.  From a spiritual perspective, the city was in close proximity to Mount Moriah, the place traditionally associated with the "Binding of Isaac" which took place in "The Land of Moriah…on one of the mountains" (Genesis 22 2).
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