The Prophet Jeremiah, the Destruction of the First Temple | City Of David

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The Prophet Jeremiah, the Destruction of the First Temple

The Prophet Jeremiah, the Destruction of the First Temple
(II Kings 25 8-12)

 In the fifth month, on the seventh of the month, which was the nineteenth year of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylonia, Nebuzaradan, the chief executioner, servant of the king of Babylonia came to Jerusalem.  He burned the Temple of Hashem, the king’s palace and all the buildings of Jerusalem; and every great house he burned in fire.  And the walls of Jerusalem all around, the entire Chaldean army that was with the chief executioner smashed.  The remainder of the people who were left in the city and the defectors who had surrendered to the king of Babylonia, and the rest of the masses, Nebuzaradan the chief executioner sent into exile.  But some of the poor people of the land the chief executioner left to be workers in the vineyards and in fields.

(Jeremiah 52 12-16) 
In the fifth month, on the tenth of the month, which was the nineteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylonia, Nebuzaradan, the chief executioner, [who] was in the service of the king of Babylonia, came to Jerusalem.  He burned the Temple of Hashem, the king’s palace and all the buildings of Jerusalem; and every great house he burned in fire.  And all the walls of Jerusalem all round, the entire Chaldean army that was with the chief executioner smashed.  And some of the poor people, the remainder of the people who were left in the city the defectors who had surrendered to the king of Babylonia, and the rest of the masses, Nebuzaradan, the chief executioner, sent into exile.  But the chief executioner left some of the poor people of the land, to be workers in the vineyards and I the fields.

(II Chronicles 36 17-21) 
So he brought up against them the king of the Chaldeans, who killed their young men by the sword in the Sanctuary.  He has no pity on lad or maiden, nor on elderly and aged men – [God] delivered everyone into his hand.  All the articles of the Temple if God, large and small, the treasures of the Temple of Hashem and the treasures of the king and his officers – he brought everything to Babylonia.  They burned the Temple of God, broke down the wall of Jerusalem, and burned down all its places and destroyed all its precious articles.  Those who survived the sword he exiled to Babylonia, where they became slaves to him and his sons, until the kingdom of Persia began to reign.  This was in fulfillment of the word of Hashem spoken by Jeremiah, until the land would be appeased of its Sabbatical years – all the years of its desolation it rested, to the completion of seventy years.

(Psalms 137) 
By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat and also wept when we remembered Zion.  On the willows within it we hung our lyres.  For there our captors requested words of song from us, with our lyres [playing] joyous music, “Sing for us from Zion’s song!”  “How can we sing the song of Hashem upon alien’s soil?”  If I forget you, O Jerusalem, let my right hand forget its skill.  Let my tongue adhere to my palate, if I fail to recall you, if I fail to elevate Jerusalem above my foremost joy.  Remember, Hashem, for the offspring of Edom, the day of Jerusalem; for those who say, “Destroy! Destroy! to its very foundation”

ירמיהו
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