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Sir Captain (later General) Charles Warren (1840-1927) was sent by the PEF (Palestine Exploration Fund) in 1867 to excavate the Land of Israel and Jerusalem. He was a Second Lieutenant in the Royal Engineers corps and an engineer by education. He later served as Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police in London. His work in Jerusalem took place in the areas surrounding the Temple Mount, as excavation of the Temple Mount itself was banned by the Ottoman authorities. Following this decree, he conducted an excavation of the area south of the Temple Mount and uncovered a massive fortification, which led him to explore the hill at the foot of the Temple Mount, known today as the City of David hill. In October 1867, he entered the Gihon Spring and began to investigate the underground tunnels surrounding the spring. There he discovered a vertical shaft that led to a manmade tunnel connecting the spring, at the foot of the hill, to the hill’s peak. He proposed that the system was intended to connect the city’s residents with the spring, and the water was drawn from this shaft. Today, this shaft is known as Warren’s Shaft, named for its discoverer, though it is now known that this shaft was not used for pumping water, but that the tunnel did indeed connect the city with its water source.
Following is the location of Charles Warren's dig on the map